COP26: Leaders agree global plan to boost green technology – BBC News

By Roger Harrabin
BBC environment analyst

More than 40 world leaders say they will work together to turbo-charge the uptake of clean technologies by imposing worldwide standards and policies.
The announcement will be made at the climate summit COP26 in Glasgow on Tuesday.
Five high-carbon sectors will be targeted at first, including agriculture and electricity.
It aims to encourage global private investment in low-carbon technologies.
Similar international attempts have been made previously to push clean tech – but nothing as ambitious as this multi-lateral agreement.
Its backers want to reassure investors that global markets will be created for green technology and that it is a good financial bet.
It is hoped that eventually the initiative will help draw in trillions of dollars in private finance for cutting emissions.
The five sectors that the plan will cover at first are steel, road transport, agriculture, hydrogen, and electricity.
The initiative, known as the Glasgow Breakthroughs, was applauded by Nick Mabey from the climate think tank e3g.
He told me: "This potentially has real muscle. It takes climate change out of the negotiating halls and into the real economy.
"Imagine if major nations agreed to set a target for the amount of 'green steel' to be made. (That's steel made with hydrogen or electricity.) That would be really powerful by creating a market."
Read more about the COP26 summit here.
The plan has been launched by the UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, alongside representatives from the USA, India, EU, and – importantly – China.
The signatories are said to represent more than 70% of the world's economy and every region.
A similar approach has been running in the EU where law-makers have steadily increased efficiency standards on electrical goods so they run creating fewer emissions.
Crucially, firms wanting to export into the EU must reach the same standards – it's proved that higher standards in one part of the world can influence technology in another. It's hoped this process could be embraced and greatly expanded with the "Glasgow Breakthroughs".
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UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said: "By making clean technology the most affordable, accessible and attractive choice, the default go-to in what are currently the most polluting sectors, we can cut emissions right around the world.
"The Glasgow Breakthroughs will turbocharge this forward, so that by 2030 clean technologies can be enjoyed everywhere, not only reducing emissions but also creating more jobs and greater prosperity."
Leaders have committed to discussing progress every year in each sector, starting in 2022. This work will be supported by annual reports, led by the rich nations' think tank, the International Energy Agency.
At the event today, world leaders, CEOs and philanthropists are also expected to launch:
The government's climate advisers will welcome clean technology initiatives – but they say the PM can't ignore the need for behaviour change, too – such as walking and cycling more and eating less meat and dairy.
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